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The establishment of general guidelines and principles for EC support.


The purpose of the programming phase is to assess whether, and in what form, EC development co-operation in water-related activity should be considered and what its role is likely to be within a country’s national water plan. Programming helps to: establish what other assistance is being provided, from what sources and in what Focus Areas; review existing water policy; consider water-related activity across all development sectors; and identify the key Focus Area(s) for water-related projects. The programming exercise indicates ideas for projects and programmes.


Sectoral plans and strategy documents; base­line data and situation analysis; evaluations of past projects; demand analysis and resource assessment; economic, financial, social, institutional and environmental analysis.


Sectoral and country/regional studies; dialogue with stakeholders; programming workshops and missions. A water resources country study may be useful to assess national and/or regional constraints, opportunities and priorities as well as determining the role of the different national and international actors. A standard format for terms of reference for a country study is given in Part III, Chapter 15.


The development or further elaboration of a National or Regional Indicative Programme for water, consistent with development plans and with economic, social and environmental priorities; the identification of necessary supporting policy measures, and of complementary activities required in other sectors.

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