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Formulation: The detailed planning and preparation of the project.


The purpose of the project formulation stage is to define all the components of the project in sufficient detail to support an informed decision on whether to proceed further and, if the decision is in favour, to facilitate implementation. During this stage, it will be necessary to revisit the broader picture of the project context and framework to see whether any changes have occurred, and make suitable adjustments based on new information. Estimates will be needed of capital and recurrent costs, and of how these are to be met from all possible sources. The institutional and management framework will have to be identified, and the likely social and environmental impacts.


Pre-feasibility report defining key components of the proposed project; terms of reference for feasibility study.


Stakeholder participation; formulation workshop; feasibility study; supplementary studies (environmental impact assessment, social impact assessment, gender analysis, see Part III. A standard format for terms of reference for a feasibility study is given in Part III, Chapter 15.


Feasibility report; assessment of the project plan described in the feasibility study for relevance, practicality and sustainability; end of appraisal report; project design, technical specification and tender documents; operational plan for project implementation and monitoring; definition of complementary policies or activities which are necessary to support project sustainability.


WRAP Formulation

BWWS Formulation

MWWS Formulation


ENERGY Formulation


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