Programmatic contexts: Managing water resources equitably, efficiently and sustainably.
In chapter 2, sets of policy principles have been presented as the bedrock of a Strategic Approach for water-related programming and project activity. These principles provide an operational philosophy and framework for EC development co-operation in areas relating to water resources management and service delivery.
In this chapter, the programming contexts for the application of the policy principles are presented.
These have been called 'Focus Areas'.
These Focus Areas allow programming contexts to be grouped according to six broad types of activity:
- Water resources assessment and planning (WRAP) which includes all activities designed to assess the availability of the natural resource, protect its quality, and plan its use
- Basic water supply and sanitation services (BWSS) which covers service provision in rural areas and marginal or poor urban areas, usually consisting of low-technology, community-managed systems
- Municipal water and wastewater services (MWWS) which covers major urban and industrial installations and systems, including wastewater treatment and sewerage systems
- Agricultural water use and management (AWUM) which covers installations and activities related to agricultural use of water, especially for irrigation. No pre-determined priority is given to any one Focus Area as compared to any other. The programmatic activities covered by the Focus Areas are explored more fully in this chapter
- Sector Performance