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Social data collection

 This term is self-explanatory; the recent past has seen a growing emphasis on social data collection given that many development projects have failed because they have been ‘rejected’ or simply not perceived as beneficial and therefore ignored by those they were intended to benefit. Social data is likely to fall within the following parameters: before and after an intervention; over time; comparing like with like; measuring increase or decrease. Methods of collecting data of structure, while seen as disciplined and managerially accountable, tends to disallow participation by stakeholders in service delivery decision-making distant from the centre. However, the ‘lowest appropriate administrative level’ should not be a level without the resources, clout, or technical expertise to take informed and effective decisions. Subsidiarity must not be allowed to mean abandonment of responsibility, but rather encourage the mobilisation of resources and inputs at all levels, and capacity building to allow greater decentralisation of decision making on a progressive basis. which reflect the real needs and attitudes of local people participatory rural appraisal (PRA) , rapid rural appraisal (RRA), and Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) studies . All these are covered in the literature on social survey methodology.


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